Wednesday, January 19, 2022
MARKET UPDATE

TheCable

Advertisement

WHO: 7m people die yearly from air pollution

May 03
10:18 2018

The World Health Organisation (WHO), says an estimated seven million people worldwide die every year from outdoor and household air pollution.

According to the WHO, the deaths result from exposure to fine particles in polluted air that penetrate deep into the lungs and cardiovascular system, causing diseases including stroke, heart disease, lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases and respiratory infections, including pneumonia.

WHO said new data from the organisation showed that air pollution levels remained dangerously high in many parts of the world, adding that nine out of ten people still breath air containing high levels of pollutant.

According to the organisation, “more than 90% of air pollution-related deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries mainly in Asia and Africa, followed by low- and middle-income countries of the Eastern Mediterranean region, Europe and the Americas.”

Advertisement

It also said 3.8 million people die prematurely from household air pollution, mostly created by cooking with kerosene and solid fuels such as wood with polluting stoves, open fires and lamps.

“Around 3 billion people – more than 40% of the world’s population – still do not have access to clean cooking fuels and technologies in their homes, the main source of household air pollution,” WHO said.

“While the rate of access to clean fuels and technologies is increasing everywhere, improvements are not even keeping pace with population growth in many parts of the world, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa.”

Advertisement

It said that the poorest and most marginalised people bore the brunt of this burden.

It further said there is the need for countries to work together to tackle air pollution, as it “does not recognise borders”.

“Ambient air pollution alone caused some 4.2 million deaths in 2016, while household air pollution from cooking with polluting fuels and technologies caused an estimated 3.8 million deaths in the same period,” WHO said.

“WHO recognizes that air pollution is a critical risk factor for noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), causing an estimated one-quarter (24%) of all adult deaths from heart disease, 25% from stroke, 43% from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and 29% from lung cancer.

Advertisement

“While the latest data show ambient air pollution levels are still dangerously high in most parts of the world, they also show some positive progress. Countries are taking measures to tackle and reduce air pollution from particulate matter.

“Air pollution does not recognize borders. Improving air quality demands sustained and coordinated government action at all levels. Countries need to work together on solutions for sustainable transport, more efficient and renewable energy production and use and waste management.”

 

Advertisement

0 Comments

No Comments Yet!

There are no comments at the moment, do you want to add one?

Write a comment

Write a Comment