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National assembly has no power to summon Buhari, says Malami

National assembly has no power to summon Buhari, says Malami
December 09
14:48 2020

Abubakar Malami, attorney-general of the federation (AGF), says the national assembly has no constitutional power to summon President Muhammadu Buhari.

Last week, the house of representatives passed a resolution summoning the president over the rising insecurity in the country.

The president is scheduled to appear before the national assembly on Thursday but it is now uncertain if he will honour the request.

In a statement on Wednesday, Malami said it was outside the constitutional powers of the national assembly to summon the president over his “operational use of the armed forces”.


“President Muhamamdu Buhari of the Federal Republic of Nigeria has recorded tremendous success in containing the hitherto incessant bombing, colossal killings, wanton destruction of lives and property that bedeviled the country before attaining the helm of affairs of the country in 2015,” the statement read.

“The confidentiality of strategies employed by the President as the commander in Chief of the Armed Forces of the Federal Republic of Nigeria is not open for public exposore in view of security implications in probable undermining of the war against terror.

“The fact that President Muhammadu Buhari was instrumental to the reclaiming of over 14 Local Governments previously controlled by the Boko Haram in North East is an open secret, the strategies for such achievement are not open for public expose.


“While condoling the bereaved and sympathising with the victims of the associated insecurity in the country, Attorney-General of the Federation and Minister of Justice, Abubakar Malami, SAN maintained that national security is not about publicity and the nation’s security architecture cannot be exposed for the sake of getting publicity.”

According to the statement, the president’s efforts on security matters are exclusive and confidential, and as such, “the National Assembly has no Constitutional Power to envisage or contemplate a situation where the President would be summoned by the National Assembly on operational use of the Armed Forces.”

Malami added that the decision to appear before the national assembly should be at the president’s discretion and not subject to summons by the lawmakers.

“The right of the President to engage the National Assembly and appear before it is inherently discretionary in the President and not at the behest of the National Assembly,” the attorney-general said.


“The management and control of the security sector is exclusively vested in the President by Section 218 (1) of the Constitution as the Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces including the power to determine the operational use of the Armed Forces. An invitation that seeks to put the operational use of the Armed Forces to a public interrogation is indeed taking the constitutional rights of law making beyond bounds.

“As the Commander in Chief, the President has exclusivity on security and has confidentiality over security. These powers and rights he does not share. So, by summoning the President on National Security operational Matters, the House of Representative operated outside constitutional bounds.

“President’s exclusivity of constitutional confidentiality investiture within the context of the constitution remains sacrosanct.”



  1. Tetr
    Tetr December 09, 15:12

    Well, to a reasonable theoritical extent, the HAGF is right but in practice, the National Assembly as the primary institution for Checks and Balance over the acts of the executives including but limited to the President have the right to summon the President. What is paramount therefore is the modality, will it be open to the public or the movers or strictly members of the relevant security committees of the House.

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  2. Jon snow
    Jon snow December 10, 02:39

    No man is above the law not even the president and you are wrong Antony general if the constitution prevents the president from being summoned that means we dont have a constitution at all. The house of assembly is the house of law if they all agree on something that decision automatically becomes law. The president doesn’t pass a bill he signs it. Let’s try to be reasonable and help make Nigeria great again

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    • Benson
      Benson December 10, 17:51

      Has the National Assembly the right to impeach him for poor performance in every aspect of governance. He is a proper let down on the promises made to Nigerians in 2015.

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