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Yaya ingancin ikirarin Atiku a LCCI na tattalin arziki?

Yaya ingancin ikirarin Atiku a LCCI na tattalin arziki?
October 07
17:50 2022

Tsohon mataimakin shugaban kasa kuma dan takarar shugaban kasa a jam’iyyar PDP, Atiku Abubakar, ya yi maganganu da dama a lokacin da yake gabatar da shirinsa na tattalin arziki a taron kungiyar ‘yan kasuwa da masana’antu ta Legas (LCCI).

Tsohon mataimakin shugaban kasar yayi magana a bugu na 2022 na LCCI Private Sector Economic Forum.

TheCable ta binciki wasu da’awar, kuma ga abin da muka samu.


DA’AWAR DA YA: “Nijeriya a karkashin gwamnatin APC tana ta fama da gibin kasafin kudi tun bayan hawanta mulki a 2015.”

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HUKUNCI: Gaskiya. Tun a shekarar 2015 da gwamnatin APC ta dare karagar mulki, Najeriya ta yi ta fama da gibin kasafin kudi.

Kasafin kasafin kudin tarayya yana faruwa ne lokacin da kashe kudaden gwamnati ya zarce kudaden shiga. The Economic Times yayi bayanin cewa gibin kudaden shiga a cikin gwamnati yawanci ana bayyana shi azaman kaso na babban kayan cikin gida (GDP).

Binciken TheCable ya nuna cewa gwamnatin Buhari ta yi fama da gibin kasafin kudi tun lokacin da ta hau karagar mulki a shekarar 2015. Sai dai wannan shi ne yanayin tattalin arzikin Najeriya a karkashin gwamnatocin baya tun daga 1981.

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Sai dai a shekarun 1995 da 1996 da gwamnatin Najeriya ta rubuta rarar kasafin kudi, Najeriya ta yi fama da gibin kasafin kudi tun 1981.


DA’AWAR BIYU: “Gaban kasafi na Najeriya a karkashin gwamnatin Buhari ya fi kusan kashi 3% da aka halatta a karkashin dokar alhakin kasafin kudi.”

HUKUNCI: Gaskiya. Kasafin kasafin kudin Najeriya a matsayin kaso na GDP ya haura kashi 3 bisa 100 da aka halatta a 2017, 2019, 2022 da 2021. Jimillar sau hudu a cikin shekaru 7.

Alkaluman da Babban Bankin Najeriya (CBN) da Ofishin Kasafin Kudi na Tarayya suka wallafa wanda PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) suka wallafa, gwamnatin Buhari ta zarce kashi 3 cikin 100 na rancen kasafin kudi a shekarar 2017, inda ta samu kashi 3.17%.

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An ƙetare 3% a koyaushe tsakanin 2019 da 2021, a cewar rahoton na PwC.

Year Budget deficit as a percentage of GDP
2010 -2.o2
2011 -1.84
2012 -1.36
2013 -1.4
2014 -0.94
2015 -1.65
2016 -2.63
2017 -3.17
2018 -2.84
2019 -3.41
2020 -3.57
2021 -3.93

Dokar Nauyin Kudi ta Najeriya ta 2007 ta ba da damar gibin kasafin kudi sama da kashi 3% na GDP a yanayi lokacin da ake fuskantar barazana ga tsaron kasa ko kuma ikon Tarayyar Najeriya. Dokar ta bayyana karara cewa hakkin shugaban kasa ne ya tantance lokacin da ake bukatar wannan kebe.

Ikpefan Ochei, farfesa a fannin kudi a Jami’ar Covenant, ya shaida wa TheCable cewa Najeriya ta gaza yin horon kasafin kudi tun shekarar 2015, inda ya bayyana cewa sauyin farashin man fetur ne ya haddasa.

“Har yanzu dai man fetur shi ne babban hanyar samun kudaden shiga a Najeriya. Bangaren mai da iskar gas, wanda shine tsarin tattalin arziki ya samu koma baya a kashi 19 cikin 30 tun daga shekarar 2014, idan aka kwatanta da matsakaicin dala 108.56 a shekarar 2013 da dala 111.63 a shekarar 2012, “in ji masanin harkokin kudi.

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“A tsarin mulkin dimokuradiyya inda gwamnati za ta cika abin da ake bukata ba tare da la’akari da yanayin tattalin arziki ba, babu laifi wajen karbar rance idan har an yi amfani da kudaden da aka rance ta hanyar da ta dace ba don cin abinci ba.”


DA’AWAR UKU: “A yanzu kayan masarufi sun fi karfin talakawan Najeriya. Kuɗin burodin yana kashe kashi 100 fiye da yadda ya yi a shekarar 2020.”

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HUKUNCI: Karya. Farashin biredi guda ya karu da kashi 52 na yanka da kashi 55 na biredi da ba a yanka ba – ba kashi 100 ba kamar yadda Atiku ya yi ikirari.

Bayanan da Hukumar Kididdiga ta Kasa (NBS) ta fitar a watan Yulin 2022 sun nuna cewa matsakaicin farashin biredi (500g) a fadin kasar nan ya kai N486.27 na biredi da aka yanka da kuma N447.16 na biredi da ba a yanka ba.

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A halin yanzu, a cikin Yuli 2020, matsakaicin farashin burodi (500g) ya kasance N318.5 na yankakken da N287.7 na wanda ba a yanka ba.

Bambanci a matsakaicin farashin burodi tsakanin Yuli 2020 da Yuli 2022 ya kasance N167.7, wanda ke nuna karuwar kashi 52.6 na yankan; da N159.46 wanda ba a yanka ba, ya karu da kashi 55.4 bisa dari.

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DA’AWAR HUDU: “Yanzu manoma suna biyan fiye da kashi 200 na buhun taki idan aka kwatanta da farashin farashi a 2020.”

HUKUNCI: Gaskiya. A gaskiya farashin taki ya karu da kashi 300.

Alamar takin da manoman Najeriya ke amfani da shi shine NPK da takin urea.

A shekarar 2020 gwamnatin tarayya ta rage farashin taki mai nauyin kilogiram 50 NPK 20.10.10 daga N5,500 zuwa N5,000 a karkashin shirin taki na shugaban kasa (PFI).

Karimcin wani bangare ne na tallafin da gwamnatin tarayya ta bullo da shi don rage tasirin cutar ta COVID-19 ga manoma da sauran masu amfani da su.

Bayanan da aka fitar a cikin Maris 2022 ta Afirka taki tare da haɗin gwiwar Cibiyar Raya Takin Duniya (IFDC) sun yi samfurin farashin NPK 20:10:10; NPK 15:15:15 da urea a jihohi biyar: Niger, Kwara, Edo, Anambra, Kano, Kaduna.

An sayar da takin Urea a kan N16,500 a kan Naira 16,500 a watan Maris na 2022, yayin da NPK 20:10:10 ya kasance N15,400, NPK 15:15:15 kuma an sayar da shi kan N16,500.

Idan aka kwatanta kudin tallafin da aka samu na N5,000 a shekarar 2020 da matsakaicin farashin takin NPK a watan Maris na 2022 ya nuna karuwar kashi 230 cikin 100.

Watanni biyar bayan fitar da alkaluman da IFDC, Gideon Nagedu, sakataren zartarwa na kungiyar masu samar da takin zamani ta Najeriya (FEPSAN), ya tabbatar da cewa farashin takin ya tashi da kashi 300 a fadin kasar.

“Wannan shi ne karo na farko da zai haura zuwa kashi 300. Hakan bai taba faruwa ba. Domin ba za ku iya gani ba. A duk fadin duniya, ba a Najeriya kadai ba. Wannan ita ce matsalar,” inji shi.

Gwamnatin Najeriya ta dora alhakin karuwar farashin takin da ake kashewa a yakin Rasha da Ukraine.


DA’AWAR BIYARI: “Yawancin matasa marasa aikin yi ya karu da miliyan 9 – daga miliyan 4 a cikin 2015 zuwa miliyan 13 a cikin 2020.”

HUKUNCI: Gaskiya. Ikirarin da Atiku ya yi na cewa adadin matasa marasa aikin yi a Najeriya ya karu da miliyan tara tsakanin 2015 zuwa 2020 daidai ne.

TheCable ta tattara bayanan rashin aikin yi na 2015 da 2020 daga Ofishin Kididdiga na Kasa.

Takaddamar da bayanai na shekaru 15-24 da 25-34 sun nuna cewa a shekarar 2015, alkaluman rashin aikin yi na matasa sun kai 3.65m, 4.0m, 4.96m da 5.30m bi da bi a cikin rubu’i hudu.

Bugu da ƙari, NBS kawai ta buga bayanan ma’aikata a cikin kashi na biyu da na huɗu na 2020. Q2 ya sami matasa miliyan 13.98 marasa aikin yi yayin da Q4 ya kai miliyan 12.72.


DA’AWAR SHIDA: “A cikin shekaru biyar kacal, tsakanin 2015 da 2020, adadin masu cikakken aiki ya ragu da kashi 54%, daga miliyan 68 zuwa miliyan 31.”

HUKUNCI: Karya. Ko kadan a shekarar 2015 adadin ‘yan Najeriya masu cikakken ma’aikata miliyan 68, bisa alkalumman da Hukumar Kididdiga ta Kasa (NBS) ta fitar. Kididdiga ta NBS ta nuna cewa sama da mutane miliyan 23.1 daga cikin adadin ma’aikata miliyan 69.6 ba su da aikin yi a kwata na karshe na shekarar 2020.

Alkaluman da aka fitar daga NBS sun nuna cewa adadin ‘yan Najeriya da suka yi cikakken aiki a Q1 2015 sun kai miliyan 55.69; Q2 ya kasance 54. miliyan 37; Q3 ya tsaya a miliyan 55.21 yayin da Q4 ya kasance akan miliyan 54.50.

A halin yanzu, don shekarar 2020, NBS kawai ta buga bayanan ƙarfin aiki a cikin Q2 da Q4. Yawan ’yan Najeriya masu cikakken aiki a Q2 sun kai miliyan 35.5 sannan a Q4, an sanya su miliyan 30.57.

Idan aka kwatanta alkaluman alkaluman ’yan Najeriya masu cikakken ma’aikata a rubu’i na hudu na 2015 da 2020, akwai bambanci da kashi 43.90. Kwatanta iri ɗaya na kwata na biyu na 2015 da 2020 yana nuna bambanci na kashi 34.55.


DA’AWAR BAKWAI: Wutar Lantarki yana ƙarƙashin keɓantaccen jerin dokoki.

HUKUNCI: Ba daidai ba. Wutar Lantarki yana ƙarƙashin jerin dokoki na lokaci ɗaya kuma ba jerin keɓaɓɓun ba.

Yayin da yake bayyana dabarunsa na kankanin lokaci na inganta harkar wutar lantarki, Atiku ya ce “nan da wani matsakaicin zango, zan ci gaba da gabatar da dokar da za a cire gaba daya bangaren darajar wutar lantarki daga jerin sunayen da aka ware domin baiwa jihohi ikon samar da wutar lantarki. isar da wutar lantarki da rarraba wa kansu”.

Najeriya na aiwatar da tsarin gwamnatin tarayya inda tsarin mulki ke raba madafun iko tsakanin majalisun tarayya, jihohi da kananan hukumomi. Don haka, muna da keɓantaccen jerin dokoki, jerin majalisu guda ɗaya, da ragowar jerin majalisu.

Jerin dokoki na keɓantaccen na gwamnatin tarayya ne. An kebe jerin sunayen ‘yan majalisu a lokaci guda domin gwamnatin tarayya da na jihohi su yi doka cikin ‘yanci, matukar dai idan aka samu sabani na dokoki, to dokar gwamnatin tarayya ta yi tasiri.

Majalisar dokoki ta jiha tana da ikon keɓantaccen ikon yin doka kan saura al’amuran da ba a haɗa su a cikin keɓancewar ko lissafin lokaci ɗaya ba.

Ba a haɗa wutar lantarki a cikin abubuwa 68 da ke cikin keɓantaccen jerin dokoki na kundin tsarin mulkin 1999 ba.

TheCable ta zanta da Olusola Akinyemi, wani lauya kuma manazarci kan harkokin siyasa, wanda ya yi karin haske kan lamarin.

“Sashe na 2 na jadawalin na biyu na kundin tsarin mulkin 1999, a karkashin sakin layi na 13 da 14, ya nuna cewa gwamnatin jihar za ta iya samar da wutar lantarki ne kawai da rarraba wutar lantarki a yankunan da ba a karkashin tsarin samar da wutar lantarki na kasa ba a cikin jihar,” inji shi.

Akinyemi ya bayyana cewa watakila Atiku yana kokarin jaddada cewa idan aka zabe shi a matsayin shugaban kasa, gwamnatinsa za ta samar da wutar lantarki ga gwamnatin jihar wajen samar da wutar lantarki, watsawa da rarraba wutar lantarki ga yankunan da wutar lantarki ta kasa ta rufe a cikin jihar.

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